Top Things you need to Know before Hiking

Hiking offers an excellent opportunity to explore nature and become independent. It is imperative that you plan before the hike. Make sure that you are physically fit to go on a hike. This ensures that you do not have a medical emergency on the way. You can join a group that loves hiking or organize with family and friends and hire a tour guide to help you navigate different terrain.

This article will give you vital tips to help you on your next hiking trip.

Carry enough Food and drinks 

There often no service stations on the hike and you need to stock up on food and drinks before the trip. Carry what is enough without burdening yourself with excess luggage. The chances of getting dehydrated while hiking is high and therefore ensure you pack at least a pint of water for every four miles that you cover. If your path has some streams,you can restock on water. If you are planning on hiking in Brazil get the Brazil e visa.Keep your backpack light – water should be the most substantial item on your list.

Medical checkup

Before embarking on a hiking trip check with your doctor whether you are fit to make the trip. Conditions like diabetes, heart problems or asthma can be made worse through hiking. If your doctor gives you a clean bill of health, ensure that you restock on any prescription drugs that you will need during the trip. Know how much your body can take when it comes to attitude, heat, cold and humidity. Research on the area you are hiking and get an expert opinion from your doctor whether to take the hike.

Stay Safe

It can be tempting to take shortcuts,but this only gets you off the trail and disconnects you with the rest of the members. You can use hiking poles for stability and for clearing the way. If you plan on traveling alone inform someone close to you of your traveling plans; carry a GPS gadget that will help in locating you should you get lost along the way. If the area you are hiking in is prone to wild animals, have a game ranger accompany you. Researchthe area of hiking to know the dangers lurking ahead. There are sections you will realize that are often visited by wild animals and that you need to avoid.

Having the right Gear

You need to prepare adequately for the hike this will include testing your gear. Instead of using gym shoes invest in some hiking boots – this are comfortable and can handle the harsh terrain. Each day push your endurance levels. You do not need a heavy backpack because this will only tire you down. Check your gear for tear and fix them before the hiking date. Ensure that you have quick-drying clothes – avoid cotton fabrics they get wet quickly. Find something that will keep you warm when it rains without getting wet. If you are hiking in areas with warm weather, find something that is breathable.

First Aid kits

It is not unusual to experience bruises while on a camping trip,and that is why you should not forget to carry with you a first aid kit.  Ensure you have all the necessary items in the kit before embarking on the trip. Also add sunscreens, sunglasses, Swiss knife, bandages, alcohol wipes, non-latex gloves, anti-histamines,  tweezers, and mosquito repellants. Depending on where you are traveling add a snake bit kit for those snake bite accidents. If you plan to spend the night in the wild remember to carry a torch. Have emergency numbers with you that people can use to contact next of kin if you get lost and are unconscious.

Following the trail

There are certain hiking etiquette rules that hikers need to follow. This is part of an unwritten code of conduct used by hikers and which you need to be familiar with. For example, if you find hikers going uphill on a narrow trail and you are going down let them pass. Your trash is your responsibility,and you should leave the roads clean. Turn off your cellphone and stay out of the natural habitat of animals.

Conserve your Energy

When you are going on a hike for the first time, you can conserve your energy by walking at a steady pace while conserving your energy every 10 minutes. Before you go on hike make sure that your stomach is full and you have taken plenty of fluids. Your body needs this energy for the journey. Snacks filled with carbohydrates are the best because they have the necessary salt and energy that you need for the energy. After every hour take some water. It often takes twice the time to go uphill as it does going downhill. It is recommended that you try to end your journey before sunset. If you plan on camping carry gear for this.

Check the weather patterns before hiking – this will enable you to wear appropriate clothes and probably postpone the trip if the weather will be unbearable.

Familiarize yourself with the trail

Before embarking on the hike, check out maps and weather patterns. Find out the narrowness of the trail and whether you where you will spend the night. You can consult friends who have gone on the trail for advice. Look out for any intersecting trails because this often confuses hikers and cause them to wander through a wrong path. On the day of the hike, you will be geared up to take large heaps because you are full of energy but do not be tempted to walk fast. You get tired faster and do not have enough energy to complete the hike.


Hiking is an activity that takes your endurance levels to the next level. It is an opportune time to flex your muscles and keep fit. Plan well before the hike and travel light – the heaviest item in your backpack should be your water bottles. Pace yourself to prevent early fatigue and ensure you eat breakfast that is full of carbohydrates.